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How We Decode Salt Taste: Decoded

How We Decode Salt Taste: Salt which is a chemical term that is described by a compound which is made from negatively and positively charged ions, the most well know examples is the Sodium Chloride(NaCl)
Many scientists, including one who was from Indian origin, has identified a new mechanism that will help us to detect the salty taste and an advanced that may help develop the salt replacers which will reduce the sodium content in our food.
While understanding a bit more about the mechanisms that are involved in the detecting of the salt which taste the moves that we are closer to development of strategies to reduce the total amount of salt in our food whereas still retaining the salty taste that people enjoy a lot, said Brian Lewandowski the lead author, from Monell Chemical Senses Centre in US.
In mammals there is a sodium receptor known as ENaC (epithelial sodium channel) , this is how mammals can detect NaCl, common table salt. The ENaC receptor will respond to Sodium (Na+) salts and is also not influenced by salt’s negative ion (Cl-)
Having said those scientists have known that a second salt sensing receptor also exists, but more about this receptors, including the identity of it remains unknown.
Just like ENaC, which is the second receptor that detects sodium salts, just as it also is sensitive to the non sodium salts such as potassium chloride (KCl), that is more frequently used to replace sodium in foods.

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